Introduction: Different species will range in size from 1/2 inch to 1 1/4. Millipedes are brownish black in color and will have reddish tints on their body. This insect has a cylinder shape and has between 80 and 400 sets of legs.
Biology: Millipedes have a very long life cycle and can live up to seven years. Adults will go dormant over the winter and emerge early spring and lay their eggs in the ground. Millipedes can lay anywhere from 20-300 eggs. Females will become sexually mature around the second year of their life, but in some cases it may take longer. These insects eat living and decaying plants. Millipedes moves very slowly and are protected by a foul odor secreted from their glands. Millipedes do not bite and if attacked will often coil their bodies real tight.
Habits: These insects prefer to live in moist, dark places, but do not like saturated conditions. This insect move very slowly and are protected by a foul odor secreted from their glands. Millipedes are most active at night, thus making them difficult for a homeowner to discover. The ideal temperature for activity is around 75 degrees and activity will tapper off when colder temperatures arrive.